At the beginning of the 20th century, the most significant source of economic business was the pearl trade. But, World War I, the Great Depression, and the Japanese development of the cultured pearl led to a substantial decline in the pearling industry. The massive taxation on pearls that were imported from the Gulf following World War II by India resulted in its demise irreparably. As a result, some went to fishing. But, with little knowledge and no roads or hospitals, the future looked bleak. By the 1930s, the first oil company entered the region and began conducting surveys in Abu Dhabi. In 1962, Abu Dhabi exported its first crude oil cargo that would play a vital role in the growth of the UAE.
From the 1820s onward, the English had maintained a presence in the region. The year 1853 was the first time Britain took over the area in response to pirate threats and made a permanent truce to provide protection and oversight of the foreign policy. It was clearly stated that Britain was not going to colonize the region. The agreement was reached together with a group of people known as the Trucial States, which were an assortment of sheikdoms within the Persian Gulf. The Trucial States are also known as the Trucial Colony formed a part of the present-day Bahrain, Qatar, UAE and Oman. Following an era of Arab nationalism and anti-British activity starting in the 1940s and 1950s, the British ended up resigning their authority over the region in 1971. Visit:- https://darioitem.press/
The 2nd December of 1971 the UAE was created when the United Arab Emirates joined seven of the Trucial States in a unified Constitution: Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al Qaiwain, Ras al-Khaimah and Fujairah. Abu Dhabi is the largest of the former territories and also serves as the capital of the Federal Republic. Dubai is the second-largest of the emirates. It is also the primary port commercial center, the main port, and airport hub. The five other emirates are smaller areas that realize economic and political benefits from agreements with the bigger neighbours, Abu Dhabi and Dubai. The entire seven states are run by Sunnis.
The UAE is thought by many to be an autocracy. This is a form of government that allows one person to have an unlimited power. There has been even less political reform in this country than some other Gulf States, even Saudi Arabia. International non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have classified that the UAE as having among the least free democratic systems in the world. Particularly, these studies have revealed the existence of the’sheikh’s dilemma which is a problem in the UAE and the way in which the pursuit of political reform, but not economic, is pursued. To keep peace, a ‘ruling bargain can be implemented, where the UAE government allocates oil wealth equitably, while also using a variety cultural, religious and other cultural resources. Others simply state that the UAE has a monarchical government which is run by the ruling family on Neo-patrimonial lines.
After the British withdrawal After the British withdrawal, following the withdrawal of Britain, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan was elected President for the very first time. Sheikh Zayed was the former an Emir (or governor) in Abu Dhabi, ruled as the UAE’s President for more than thirty years until his demise on the 2nd of November the 2nd of November, 2004. Due to oil wealth and the oil industry, Sheikh Zayed became one of the richest people in the world , with an estimate of net worth of more than $44 billion (USD). After his demise the youngest brother of Sheikh Zayed, sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan was elected as the President of the UAE. Sheikh Khalifa is the world’s third-richest member of a royal family, with an estimated net worth of $19 billion (USD). The president of the UAE is determined by an unofficial vote of the Federal Supreme Court (FSC) which is a government entity within the UAE instead of an electoral or popular vote. Political parties are prohibited.
The UAE’s most powerful power is that of its Supreme Council of Rulers (SCR). The SCR is empowered to create policy and to oppose laws that were before passed. Seven hereditary rulers as well as their crown princes, as well as their close advisers are the ones who control the body that governs. Subordinate to the SCR to the SCR is the Federal Council of Ministers (COM). The bulk of UAE’s policies and daily affairs are formulated by the COM that is more often and informally than the SCR. The judiciary branch of government is administered through the Union Supreme Court. Judges are appointed by the UAE president.
The FSC is the highest legal power in UAE and is a governmental entity with executive and legislative powers. The people who oversee the FSC are rulers from each of the seven emirates. In addition to the FSC There are also the secular as well as Islam courts across the seven emirates. The secular courts in the UAE have jurisdiction over civil, criminal, and commercial issues. Religious and family dispute are handled by the Islamic courts. Every emirate has its own administration, which includes municipalities and departments.
There is a great deal of political stability in UAE and they are the one Arab state with an operational federal system that has withstood the test of time. There are also many women in all levels of government. This is a good reflection on the UAE due to the Middle East location.
Sheikh Zayed had a foreign policy of not using violence to gain concessions and become a major donor of overseas aid in areas like infrastructure development and humanitarian relief.
Sheikh Kahlifa developed a foreign policy of non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries. He also favored the search for peaceful resolutions of disagreements. The UAE has offered support in the direction of the Iraqi Government in the form of debt forgiveness and is a firm advocate for making peace in the Middle East with help primarily from the USA. Additionally, the UAE promotes dialogue between religions and cultures with the main goal of reducing mistrust between different religions and cultures with the belief that such misunderstandings are used as leverage by terrorists and those who harbor the terrorists.
There is strong support in the UAE for international organizations like that of the United Nations. The UAE adopted or ratified laws to protect the rights of people handicapped and host conventions that aim to end the cruel and inhumane punishment of torture and to stop nuclear terrorism and combating human trafficking. Illicit drugs pose another issue due to its proximity to South Asia makes it a transit point for traffickers to transport drugs. Furthermore, being a major financial hub, the UAE is at risk of harboring fraudsters who use money to commit crimes. It is urging the UAE government to implement controls to mitigate these problems. The UAE can also be a proponent of resolutions that promote peace in Palestinians with the support of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).
There have been disputes between the UAE and Iran concerning ownership rights of three UAE-based islands. The disputes began in 2003, when Oman together with UAE have signed and ratified boundary agreements covering all of the border. In the absence of a public announcement, the agreement along with detailed maps of alignment allowed Iran an opportunity to argue their claims to the Tunb along with the Abu Musa Islands. Then, in October of 2009 Iran signed the Memorandum of Understanding to create a joint committee between itself with the UAE. Furthermore, the UAE has concern over its nuclear programs. After a time, tensions with Saudi Arabia and the UAE are also easing. The most significant threat facing the UAE is an internal crisis within the regime that could lead to the collapse of or even destroy GCC military.
The foreign aid policy of the UAE is based on the Islamic idea of offering a helping hand for those in need, fulfilling the obligation of all Muslims. Wealth from oil and gas gives UAE UAE with the opportunity of helping poorer countries. Organizations such as that of UAE Red Crescent, which provides emergency aid, play an an important role in such initiatives.
Relations with the USA are well-maintained and strengthened with the aim of maintaining a strong alliance with economic and security interests as well as stability in the Middle East and the reliable supply of energy to international markets. The UAE is the biggest importer of goods from the Arab World of US goods at $144 billion (USD) in 2008. Over the 750 US companies have their headquarters in the UAE, including Bechtel, ExxonMobil, Starbucks and Cold Stone Creamery. (The World Factbook 2009, 15) In the wake of the global recession that hit the world, the UAE is trying to shield the economy of its local counterparts while working with multilateral institutions like the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and on a bilateral basis , to aid countries that have been severely affected.